Climate and weather

Secondary 4

Course Description

  • The Earth’s climate system is a complex and dynamic system that is affected by a variety of factors.
  • Understanding the Earth’s climate system is important for understanding the weather patterns that we experience in our daily lives, as well as long-term climate trends and the potential impacts of climate change.
  • One important factor that affects the Earth’s climate system is solar radiation. The sun provides energy that drives the Earth’s climate system, including the water cycle and the circulation of air and ocean currents.
  • This energy is absorbed by the Earth’s surface and re-emitted as heat, which drives the formation of weather patterns.
  • Air masses and ocean currents also play a significant role in the Earth’s climate system.
  • Air masses are large bodies of air that have similar temperature and moisture characteristics.
  • They can affect weather patterns by moving across the Earth’s surface and influencing temperature and precipitation.
  • Ocean currents, on the other hand, are the large-scale movement of water in the ocean caused by a combination of winds, tides, and differences in water density.
  • These currents play a major role in regulating the Earth’s temperature by transporting heat from the equator to the poles.
  • Weather patterns are another important aspect of the Earth’s climate system.
  • These patterns are caused by the movement of air masses and the transfer of heat and moisture.
  • Weather prediction is the practice of using scientific data and mathematical models to predict the state of the atmosphere for a future time and a given location.
  • By studying weather patterns, scientists can better understand how the Earth’s climate system works and develop more accurate predictions of future weather conditions.
  • In summary, learning about the Earth’s climate system involves understanding how it is affected by various factors such as solar radiation, air masses, and ocean currents, and studying how these factors can drive weather patterns and how they can be predicted.

Course Type


Class Type

Small Group

Group Size



1.5 hrs

Num of Sessions




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Young Wai Keong Vincent

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Suriawati Binte Sulaimi

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Yee Hong Ng

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Tan Qianru

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Mary Lin An Chin

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Nur Aqilah Binte Mohammad Mazni

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English Subject Expert